References

Perioperative Medicine Value

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  2. Ann Surg 2010;251: 195–200 – National and Surgical Health Care Expenditures, 2005–2025

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  4. Lancet, 2012;380(9847):1059-65.

  5. J Archives of Surgery. 2012;147(11):1000-1007. > 40% of patients who experience complications after surgery experience them at home / 17% experienced a complication

  6. Anesth Analg 2012; 114:670–3. Forecasting Preanesthesia Appointment Duration from the Medication List

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  8. Am Soc Healthcare Risk Mgmt, 2014, 34 (2). Rebalancing risk management for Active Risk Control

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  11. Analg and Anesth- 2020; 130(4), 811-819

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  15. JAMA Surg. 2016;151(9):823-830. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0773. 14.7% experienced a complication. If complication, then cost of care increased >100%

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Perioperative Surgical Home

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  2. Is perioperative home the future of surgical patient care? J Biomed Res. 2015;29:173–175.

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  4. The perioperative surgical home pathway for total hip arthroplasty patients produces improved outcomes. Orthopaedic Proceedings. 2018;99-B:77.

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  6. An Ambulatory Surgery Perioperative Surgical Home in Kaiser Permanente Settings: Practice and Outcomes. Anes Analg. 2017;124:768–74.

  7. The Michigan Surgical Home and Optimization Program is a scalable model to improve care and reduce costs. Surgery. 2017;161:1659–66.

Anemia

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  2. Am J Med 2004;116: 58S-69S Prevalence and outcomes of anemia in surgery: a systematic review

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  6. Lancet 1996; 348:1055–607. Effect of anemia and cardiovascular disease on surgical mortality & morbidity.

  7. J Surg Res 2002; 102:237–44. Periop anemia risk factor for infection, mortality, and resource utilization

  8. Arch Surg 2012;147:49–55. Surgical outcomes and transfusion in the operating room.

  9. Lancet 2011;378:1396–407. Preop anemia and postop outcomes in non-cardiac surgery:

  10. Transfusion 2007; 47:1468–803. Blood use in elective surgery: The Austrian Benchmark Study.

  11. JAMA 2007; 297:2481-8. Preop hct and postop outcomes in older pts undergoing noncardiac surgery.

  12. Anesthesiology 2010; 113:482–95. Anemia and Pt Blood Management in Hip and Knee Surgery

  13. Br J Anaesth 2014; 113:416–23 Preop anaemia assoc with poor outcome in non-cardiac surgery pts.

  14. Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 96:478–85. Major bleeding, transfusions, anemia: deadly triad of cardiac surgery.

  15. Anesthesiology Feb 25, 2020. 
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  16. Blood. 2006; 107: 1747-1750. definition of anemia: lower limit of normal of the blood hg concentration?

  17. Anaesthesia 72:233–247, 2017. Consensus statement peri-op management of anaemia and iron deficiency.

  18. American Journal of Medical Quality AJMQ –JHQ-D-18-00249R1Preop blood management strategy for elective hip and knee arthroplasty.

  19. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2018; 11: 77–82. Assessing the costs and benefits of perioperative iron deficiency anemia management with ferric carboxymaltose in Germany.

  20. Lancet.com Vol 396, issue 10259, pp 1353-61 October 24, 2020. Preop IV iron to treat anaemia before major abdominal surgery (PREVENTT)

Cardiac

Cardiovascular

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  2. Thomas, G. et al. Why women are not small men: sex-related differences in perioperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Perioper. Med. Lond. Engl. 9, 18 (2020).

Coagulation

Cognition

  1. Effect of cognitive prehabilitation on the incidence of postoperative delirium among older adults undergoing major noncardiac surgery. The neurobics randomized clinical trial. JAMA surgery 2020 Nov 11 [epub PMID; 33175114

  2. Cognitive outcome of surgery: Is there no place like home? Anesth Analg. 2014;118:898–900.

Diabetes

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  2. Scientific principles and clinical implications of perioperative glucose regulation and control. Anesth Analg 2010;110:478–97

  3. Perioperative glycaemic control for diabetic patients undergoing surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012; CD007315.

  4. Evaluation and management of adult hypoglycemic disorders: an Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2009; 94:709.

  5. Scientific principles and clinical implications of perioperative glucose regulation and control. Anesth Analg 2010;110:478–97

  6. Perioperative glycemic control and the risk of infectious complications in a cohort of adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1999;22:1408–1414.

  7. Elevated preoperative hemoglobin A1c level is predictive of adverse events after coronary artery bypass surgery. J Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg. 2008;136:631–640.

  8. Perioperative glycemic control and the risk of infectious complications in a cohort of adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1999;22:1408–14.

  9. Diabetes guideline for the perioperative management of the adult patient with diabetes; Diabet. Med. 29, 420–433 (2012)

  10. Hyperglycemia-Induced Changes in Hyaluronan Contribute to Impaired Skin Wound Healing in Diabetes: Review and Perspective. International Journal of Cell Biology, 2015;

  11. Impaired granulocyte adherence. A reversible defect in host defense in patients with poorly controlled diabetes. Diabetes. 1978;27:677–81.

  12. Impairment of polymorphonuclear leukocyte function and metabolic control of diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1992;15:256–60

  13. Long-term glycemic control and postoperative infectious complications. Arch Surg 2006; 141:375.

  14. Perioperative management of the diabetic patient. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 1992; 21:457.

  15. Perioperative glycemic control and the risk of infectious complications in a cohort of adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1999;22:1408–1414.

  16. Elevated preoperative hemoglobin A1c level is predictive of adverse events after coronary artery bypass surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 136:631.

  17. Elevated glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is a risk marker in coronary artery bypass surgery. Scand Cardiovasc J 2008; 42:392.

  18. Perioperative glycemic control and postoperative complications in patients undergoing emergency general surgery: What is the role of Plasma Hemoglobin A1c? J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018; 84:112.

  19. Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia consensus statement on perioperative blood glucose management in diabetic patients undergoing ambulatory surgery. Anesth Analg 2010; 111:1378.

  20. Peri-operative glycaemic control regimens for preventing surgical site infections in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009; CD006806.

  21. Perioperative glucose infusion and the catabolic response to surgery: the effect of epidural block. Anesth Analg 2003; 96:555.

  22. Peri-operative management of the surgical patient with diabetes 2015: Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland. Aesthesia 2015; 70:1427.

  23. Perioperative diabetes management guidelines Australian diabetes society diabetessociety.com.au/documents/PerioperativeDiabetesManagementGuidelinesFINALCleanJuly2012.pdf

  24. The association of preoperative glycemic control, intraoperative insulin sensitivity, and outcomes after cardiac surgery. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010; 95:4338.

  25. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the catabolic response to surgery. Anesthesiology 2005; 102:320.

  26. Elevated postoperative blood glucose and preoperative hemoglobin A1C are associated with increased wound complications following total joint arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2013; 95:808.

  27. Effect of A1C and Glucose on Postoperative Mortality in Noncardiac and Cardiac Surgeries. Diabetes Care 2018; 41:782.

  28. Prevalence and clinical outcome of hyperglycemia in the perioperative period in noncardiac surgery. Diabetes Care. 2010; 33:1783–1788

  29. Relationship of Perioperative Hyperglycemia and Postoperative Infections in Patients Who Undergo General and Vascular Surgery. Ann Surg 2008;248: 585–591

  30. Effect of Preoperative Diabetes Management on Glycemic Control and Clinical Outcomes After Elective Surgery. Annals of Surgery 267, 5, 2018. 858-62.

  31. Increased preoperative glucose levels are associated with perioperative mortality in patients undergoing noncardiac, nonvascular surgery. Eur J Endocrinol. 2007; 156:137–142

  32. Scientific principles and clinical implications of perioperative glucose regulation and control. Anesth Analg 2010; 110:478–97

  33. Rationalization, Development, and Implementation of a Preoperative Diabetes Optimization Program Designed to Improve Perioperative Outcomes and Reduce Cost. Diabetes Spectrum 30, 3, 2017, pp 217-223

Fitness

  1. Integration of the Duke Activity Status Index into preop risk evaluation: a multicentre prospective cohort study. Br J of Anaesth, 124 (3), 2020

  2. Prehabilitation: the anesthesiologist’s role and what is the evidence? Curr. Opin. Anaesthesiol. 33, 411–416 (2020).

  3. Impact of preoperative change in physical function on postoperative recovery: argument supporting prehabilitation for colorectal surgery. Surgery 150, 505–514 (2011).

  4. Older frail prehabilitated patients who cannot attain a 400 m 6-min walking distance before colorectal surgery suffer more postoperative complications. Eur. J. Surg. Oncol. J. Eur. Soc. Surg. Oncol. Br. Assoc. Surg. Oncol. (2020) doi:10.1016/j.ejso.2020.09.041.

  5. 2014 ACC/AHA Guideline on Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation and Management of Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Circulation 130, e278–e333 (2014).

  6. Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Oesophagogastric Surgery: a Systematic Review. J. Gastrointest. Surg. Off. J. Soc. Surg. Aliment. Tract 24, 2667–2678 (2020).

  7. Why women are not small men: sex-related differences in perioperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Perioper. Med. Lond. Engl. 9, 18 (2020).

  8. The ability of prehabilitation to influence postoperative outcome after intra-abdominal operation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Surgery 160, 1189–1201 (2016).

  9. Clinical guideline and recommendations on pre-operative exercise training in patients awaiting major non-cardiac surgery. Anaesthesia vol. 73 https://pubmed-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.ezproxy.lib.utexas.edu/29330843/ (2018).

  10. Peak oxygen consumption during cardiopulmonary exercise test improves risk stratification in candidates to major lung resection. Chest vol. 135 https://pubmed-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.ezproxy.lib.utexas.edu/19029436/ (2009).

  11. A brief self-administered questionnaire to determine functional capacity (The Duke Activity Status Index). Am. J. Cardiol. 64, 651–654 (1989).

  12. Integration of the Duke Activity Status Index into preoperative risk evaluation: a multicentre prospective cohort study. Br. J. Anaesth. 124, 261–270 (2020).

  13. Assessment of functional capacity before major non-cardiac surgery: an international, prospective cohort study. Lancet Lond. Engl. 391, 2631–2640 (2018).

  14. Optimizing functional exercise capacity in the elderly surgical population. Curr. Opin. Clin. Nutr. Metab. Care 8, 23–32 (2005).

  15. Taking Control of Your Surgery: Impact of a Prehabilitation Program on Major Abdominal Surgery. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 228, 72–80 (2019).

  16. Personalised Prehabilitation in High-risk Patients Undergoing Elective Major Abdominal Surgery: A Randomized Blinded Controlled Trial. Ann. Surg. 267, 50–56 (2018).

  17. Multimodal prehabilitation improves functional capacity before and after colorectal surgery for cancer: a five-year research experience. Acta Oncol. Stockh. Swed. 56, 295–300 (2017).

  18. Multimodal Prehabilitation to Enhance Functional Capacity Following Radical Cystectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Eur. Urol. Focus (2019) doi:10.1016/j.euf.2019.05.016.

  19. Effect of Exercise and Nutrition Prehabilitation on Functional Capacity in Esophagogastric Cancer Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Surg. 153, 1081–1089 (2018).

  20. Effect of Multimodal Prehabilitation vs Postoperative Rehabilitation on 30-Day Postoperative Complications for Frail Patients Undergoing Resection of Colorectal Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Surg. 155, 233–242 (2020).

  21. Assessment of functional capacity before major non-cardiac surgery. Lancet 2018; 391:2629–38

Frailty

  1. Frailty and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spine disease. Spine J 2016; 16:1315–23

  2. Frailty and perioperative outcomes: A narrative review. Can J Anaesth 2015; 62:143–57

  3. What is the utility of preoperative frailty assessment for risk stratification in cardiac surgery? Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2013; 17:398–402

  4. Frailty syndrome and pre-operative risk evaluation: A systematic review. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2015; 61:309–21

  5. Modified frailty index can be used to predict adverse outcomes and mortality after lower extremity bypass surgery. Ann Vasc Surg 2018; 46:168–77

  6. Development and initial validation of the risk analysis index for measuring frailty in surgical populations. JAMA Surg 2017; 152:175–82

  7. The association of frailty with outcomes and resource use after emergency general surgery: A population-based cohort study. Anesth Analg 2017; 124:1653–61

  8. Comparison of frailty measures as predictors of outcomes after orthopedic surgery. J Am Geriatr Soc 2016; 64:2464–71

  9. Frailty in Older AdultsEvidence for a Phenotype. J. Gerontol. Ser. A 56, M146–M157 (2001).

  10. Frailty for Perioperative Clinicians: A Narrative Review. Anesth. Analg. 130, 1450–1460 (2020).

  11. Searching for an operational definition of frailty: a Delphi method based consensus statement: the frailty operative definition-consensus conference project. J. Gerontol. A. Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 68, 62–67 (2013).

  12. Frailty and post-operative outcomes in older surgical patients: a systematic review. BMC Geriatr. 16, 157 (2016).

  13. Preoperative Frailty Assessment and Outcomes at 6 Months or Later in Older Adults Undergoing Cardiac Surgical Procedures: A Systematic Review. Ann. Intern. Med. 165, 650–660 (2016).

  14. The impact of frailty on outcomes after cardiac surgery: a systematic review. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 148, 3110–3117 (2014).

  15. Frailty and perioperative outcomes: a narrative review. Can. J. Anaesth. J. Can. Anesth. 62, 143–157 (2015).

  16. Impact of frailty on outcomes in surgical patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am. J. Surg. 218, 393–400 (2019).

  17. Relation of Frailty to Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (from the PARTNER Trial). Am. J. Cardiol. 116, 264–269 (2015).

  18. The impact of frailty on outcomes and healthcare resource usage after total joint arthroplasty: a population-based cohort study. Bone Jt. J. 98-B, 799–805 (2016).

  19. Frailty as a Predictor of Death or New Disability After Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study. Ann. Surg. 271, 283–289 (2020).

  20. Relationship of a Claims-Based Frailty Index to Annualized Medicare Costs: A Cohort Study. Ann. Intern. Med. 172, 533 (2020).

  21. Frailty predicts increased hospital and six-month healthcare cost following colorectal surgery in older adults. Am. J. Surg. 202, 511–514 (2011).

  22. Association of Frailty and Postoperative Complications With Unplanned Readmissions After Elective Outpatient Surgery. JAMA Netw. Open 2, e194330 (2019).

  23. Ambulatory surgery center market share and rates of outpatient surgery in the elderly. Surg. Innov. 17, 340–345 (2010).

  24. Optimal preoperative assessment of the geriatric surgical patient: a best practices guideline from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and the American Geriatrics Society. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 215, 453–466 (2012).

  25. A. Prevalence of frailty and disability: findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Age Ageing 44, 162–165 (2015).

  26. Identifying frail older people using predictive modeling. Am. J. Manag. Care 18, e392-397 (2012).

  27. Assessment of predictive validity and feasibility of Edmonton Frail Scale in identifying postoperative complications among elderly patients: a prospective observational study. Sci. Rep. 10, (2020).

  28. Accuracy and Feasibility of Clinically Applied Frailty Instruments before SurgeryA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Anesthesiology 133, 78–95 (2020).

  29. Marie E Csete. Basic science of frailty-biological mechanisms of age related sarcopenia. Analgesi Anesthesia 2021, 132; 293-304

  30. Searching for an operational definition of frailty: a Delphi method-based consensus statement: the frailty operative definition-consensus conference project. J. Gerontol. A. Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 68, 62–67 (2013.

  31. Identifying older adults at risk of harm following elective surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis BMC Med 2018; 16:2

  32. Frailty and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spine disease. Spine J 2016; 16:1315–23

  33. Frailty and perioperative outcomes: A narrative review. Can J Anaesth 2015; 62:143–57)

  34. Modified frailty index can be used to predict adverse outcomes and mortality after lower extremity bypass surgery. Ann Vasc Surg 2018; 46:168–77

  35. Development and initial validation of the risk analysis index for measuring frailty in surgical populations. JAMA Surg 2017; 152:175–82

  36. The association of frailty with outcomes and resource use after emergency general surgery: A population-based cohort study. Anesth Analg 2017; 124:1653–61)

  37. Comparison of frailty measures as predictors of outcomes after orthopedic surgery. J Am Geriatr Soc 2016; 64:2464–71

  38. Impact of frailty on outcomes in surgical patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am. J. Surg. 218, 393–400, 2019

  39. Frailty as a Predictor of Death or New Disability After Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study. Ann. Surg. 271, 283–289 (2020

  40. Optimal preoperative assessment of the geriatric surgical patient: a best practices guideline from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and the American Geriatrics Society. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 215, 453–466 (2012

  41. Assessment of predictive validity and feasibility of Edmonton Frail Scale in identifying postoperative complications among elderly patients: a prospective observational study. Sci. Rep. 10, (2020)

  42. Accuracy and Feasibility of Clinically Applied Frailty Instruments before Surgery A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Anesthesiology 133, 78–95 (2020

Hypertension

Nutrition

  1. Preoperative Nutrition Optimization – Designed to Improve Perioperative Outcomes and Reduce Cost. Clinical Nutrition, 2020

  2. Effect of Perioperative Nutritional Supplementation on Postoperative Complications-Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Gastrointest Surg. 2019 Aug;23(8):1682-1693.

  3. Consensus statement: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition: characteristics recommended for the identification and documentation of adult malnutrition (undernutrition). JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2012; 36:275.

  4. American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition ASPEN clinical guidelines: nutrition screening, assessment, and intervention in adults. JPEN 2011; 35:16.

  5. Preoperative issues in clinical nutrition. Chest 1999; 115:64S.

  6. Enteral and parenteral nutrition in the perioperative period: state of the art. Nutrients 2013; 5:608.

  7. Post-operative enteral immunonutrition for gynecologic oncology patients undergoing laparotomy decreases wound complications. Gynecol Oncol. 2015;137(3):523‐528.

  8. Pre-operative nutrition support in patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012; 11:CD008879.

  9. Glutamine dipeptide for parenteral nutrition in abdominal surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. World J Gastroenterol 2006; 12:7537.

  10. Perioperative use of arginine-supplemented diets: a systematic review of the evidence. J Am Coll Surg 2011; 212:385.

  11. A meta-analysis of the effect of combinations of immune modulating nutrients on outcome in patients undergoing major open gastrointestinal surgery. Ann Surg 2012; 255:1060.

  12. Meta-analysis of immunonutrition in major abdominal surgery. Br J Surg 2017; 104:1594.

  13. Immunoenhancing enteral and parenteral nutrition for gastrointestinal surgery: a multiple-treatments meta-analysis. Ann Surg 2015; 261:662.

  14. Immunonutrition for patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018; 8:CD010954.

  15. Enhanced recovery after surgery-Preoperative fasting and glucose loading-A review. J Surg Oncol. 2017;116(5):578‐582.

  16. American Society for Enhanced Recovery and Perioperative Quality Initiative Joint Consensus Statement on Nutrition Screening and Therapy Within a Surgical Enhanced Recovery Pathway. Anesth Analg. 2018; 126:1883–1895

  17. Prevalence of malnutrition in surgical patients: evaluation of nutritional support and documentation. Clin Nutr 1999; 18:141.

  18. American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition ASPEN clinical guidelines: nutrition screening, assessment, and intervention in adults. JPEN 2011; 35:16.

  19. A. Nutrition and wound healing. Plast Reconstr Surg 2006; 117:42S.

  20. Impact of preoperative nutritional support on clinical outcome in abdominal surgical patients at nutritional risk. Nutrition 28:1022–1027, 2012

Pain

  1. Opioid Abuse or Dependence Increases 30-day Readmission Rates after Major Operating Room Procedures: A National Readmissions Database Study. Anesthesiology. 2018 May;128(5):880-890.

  2. Rationale for and approach to preoperative opioid weaning: a preoperative optimization protocol. Perioper Med (Lond). 2017 Nov 22;6:19.

  3. Continuous intravenous perioperative lidocaine infusion for postoperative pain and recovery in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Jun 4;6(6):CD009642.

  4. lidocaine on postoperative outcome after elective colorectal surgery: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2020 Aug;37(8):659-670.

  5. Peri-operative intravenous administration of magnesium sulphate and postoperative pain: a meta-analysis. Anaesthesia. 2013 Jan;68(1):79-90

  6. Perioperative systemic magnesium to minimize postoperative pain: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Anesthesiology. 2013 Jul;119(1):178-90.

  7. Effect of intravenous dexamethasone on postoperative pain after spinal anaesthesia – a systematic review with meta‐analysis and trial sequential analysis. Anaesthesia, 74: 1047-1056, 2019

  8. Effect of Perioperative Gabapentin on Postoperative Pain Resolution and Opioid Cessation in a Mixed Surgical Cohort: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Surg. 2018 Apr 1;153(4):303-311.

  9. Pharmacotherapy for the prevention of chronic pain after surgery in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jul 24;2013(7):CD008307.

  10. “Intraoperative Methadone in Surgical PatientsA Review of Clinical Investigations.” Anesthesiology: The Journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists 131.3 (2019): 678-692.

  11. “Peripheral nerve blocks in the management of postoperative pain: challenges and opportunities.” Journal of clinical anesthesia 35 (2016): 524-529.

  12. Association Between Initial Opioid Prescribing Patterns and Subsequent Long-Term Use Among Opioid-Naïve Patients: A Statewide Retrospective Cohort Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Jan;32(1):21-27.

  13. Postoperative pain trajectories in chronic pain patients undergoing surgery: the effects of chronic opioid pharmacotherapy on acute pain. J Pain. 2011 Dec;12(12):1240-6

  14. Preoperative Reduction of Opioid Use Before Total Joint Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Sep;31(9 Suppl):282-7.

  15. Continuous Perioperative Sublingual Buprenorphine. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother. 2016 Dec;30(4):289-293.

  16. The perioperative management of patients maintained on medications used to manage opioid addiction. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2014 Jun;27(3):359-64.

  17. Managing Opioid-Tolerant Patients in the Perioperative Surgical Home. Anesthesiol Clin. 2016 Jun;34(2):287-301.

  18. Buprenorphine Formulations: Clinical Best Practice Strategies Recommendations for Perioperative Management of Patients Undergoing Surgical or Interventional Pain Procedures. Pain Physician. 2018 Jan;21(1):E1-E12.

  19. Treatment of pain in patients taking buprenorphine for opioid addiction #221. J Palliat Med. 2012 May;15(5):613-4.

  20. Transition from acute to chronic postsurgical pain: risk factors and protective factors. Expert Rev Neurother 2009; 9: 723–744.

  21. Persistent postsurgical pain: risk factors and prevention. Lancet 2006; 367: 1618–1625.

  22. The neuropathic component in persistent postsurgical pain: a systematic literature review. Pain 2013; 154: 95–102

  23. Failed back surgery syndrome—definition, epidemiology and demographics. Br J Pain 2013; 7: 56–59.

  24. What proportion of patients report long-term pain after total hip or knee replacement for osteoarthritis? A systematic review of prospective studies in unselected patients. BMJ Open 2012; 2: e000435.

  25. Predictors of persistent pain after breast cancer surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. CMAJ 2016; 188: e352–61.

  26. Chronic pain after surgery: time for standardization? A framework to establish core risk factor and outcome domains for epidemiological studies. Clin J Pain 2013; 29: 2–8.

  27. Postsurgical prescriptions for opioid naive patients and association with overdose and misuse: retrospective cohort study BMJ 2018; 360 :j5790

  28. Incidence of and risk factors for chronic opioid use among opioid-naive patients in the postoperative period. JAMA InternMed 2016;176(9):1286–93.

  29. New persistent opioid use after minor and major surgical procedures in US adults. JAMA Surg 2017;152 (6):e170504.

  30. Risk factors for continued opioid use one to two months after surgery for musculoskeletal trauma. JBJS 2014;96(6):495–9.

  31. Catastrophizing: A predictive factor for postoperative pain. Am J Surg 2011;201(1):122–31.

  32. The role of catastrophizing in the prediction of postoperative pain. Pain Med 2009;10(8):1452–9.

Pulmonary

Sleep Disorders

  1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the Perioperative Setting: Complications and Management Strategies PMID: 25559851 DOI: 10.1080/21548331.2015.1001709

  2. Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the Perioperative Setting: Complications and Management Strategies. Hosp Practice 2015;43(1):56-63

  3. Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine Guidelines on Preoperative Screening and Assessment of Adult Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Anesthesia & Analgesia: August 2016 – Volume 123 – Issue 2 – p 452-473

  4. Pre-operative screening for obstructive sleep apnoea European Respiratory Review 2017 26: 160012

  5. Practice Guidelines for the Perioperative Management of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Management of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Anesthesiology February 2014, Vol. 120, 268–286

Smoking Cessation

  1. Society for Perioperative Assessment and Quality Improvement Consensus Statement on Periop Smoking Cessation. Anesth. Analg. 2019 Nov

  2. A Systematic Approach to Perioperative Smoking Cessation; Techniques in Orthopedics 2019

  3. Understanding the potential of teachable moments: the case of smoking cessation. Health Educ Res, 2003. 18(2): p. 156-70.

  4. Surgery as a teachable moment for smoking cessation. Anesthesiology, 2010. 112(1): p. 102-7.

  5. Non-invasive detection of endothelial dysfunction in children and adults at risk of atherosclerosis. Lancet, 1992. 340: p. 1111–1115.

  6. Wound healing and infection in surgery: the pathophysiological impact of smoking, smoking cessation, and nicotine replacement therapy: a systematic review. Ann Surg, 2012. 255(6): p. 1069-79.

  7. Smoking and the Risk of Mortality and Vascular and Respiratory Events in Patients Undergoing Major Surgery. JAMA Surgery, 2013. 148(8): p. 755-762.

  8. Determination of the duration of preoperative smoking cessation to improve wound healing after head and neck surgery. Anesthesiology, 2005. 102(5): p. 892-6.

  9. Smoking and the Risk of Mortality and Vascular and Respiratory Events in Patients Undergoing Major Surgery. JAMA Surgery, 2013. 148(8): p. 755-762

  10. Wound healing and infection in surgery: the pathophysiological impact of smoking, smoking cessation, and nicotine replacement therapy: a systematic review. Ann Surg, 2012. 255(6): p. 1069-79.

Stress

  1. Hypnosis decreases presurgical distress in excisional breast biopsy patients. Anesth Analg. 2008;106:440–444

  2. A randomized clinical trial of a brief hypnosis intervention to control side effects in breast surgery patients. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007;99:1304–1312

  3. Hypnosis reduces preoperative anxiety in adult patients. Anesth Analg. 2006;102:1394–1396

  4. The use of auricular acupuncture to reduce preoperative anxiety. Anesth Analg. 2001;93:1178–1180

  5. Effects of Music Therapy on Anesthesia Requirements and Anxiety in Women Undergoing Ambulatory Breast Surgery for Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Clin Oncol. 2015 Oct 1; 33(28): 3162–3168